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November 8, 2016

Alcoholic hepatitis is a disease caused by drinking alcohol. The disease causes fat to build up in the liver cells, as well as inflammation and even scarring of the liver. alcoholic-hepititisThe condition occurs most often in heavy drinkers. Those who have drunk heavily for several years and have poisonous levels of alcohol in their bodies are most at risk.

Alcohol and the liver

Ethyl alcohol or ethanol is an ingredient found in beer, wine, and liquor that can cause intoxication. Alcohol affects every organ in the body as well as the central nervous system. The effect of alcohol on a person depends directly on the amount they consume. Drinking excessive amounts of alcohol can lead to a variety of health problems. It can result in serious health problems including:

  • Cirrhosis
  • Inflammation of the pancreas
  • Cancer
  • High blood pressure
  • Psychological disorders

November 3, 2016

urine_sampleNormal urine should be a pale yellow color. It should be clear, without cloudiness or particle deposits. “Why is my urine bright yellow?” is a question that can be answered if the meaning of bright yellow is clear. This page will explain the full range of possible colours of urine and why they change. If bright yellow means neon yellow, this has a specific cause.

Why does urine turn bright yellow?

To answer the question of bright yellow urine color, it may help to cover what it means when urine is really fluorescent bright. Neon yellow urine colour signals too much intake of vitamin B, although this is harmless.

What is the normal colour for urine?

Urine colour is normally pale yellow, but the depth of yellowness can vary healthily. The yellow colour gets darker as the concentration of the urine gets higher. Concentration means the proportion of waste products to water in the urine. The proportion of waste pro

October 28, 2016

cost-effectiveResearch indicates that significant savings could be made if local authorities focused on care enablement instead of care provision… As local authorities grapple with the challenges of the Care Act, it is becoming clear that significant change is required in the way that adult social care is managed and delivered. The UK needs a successful modern care system that addresses both personalisation and value for money. While the personalisation agenda aims to allow choice and flexibility in care provision and how people manage their money, the feedback from the local authorities I spoke to at this year’s Local Government Strategy Forum is that this agenda cannot be easily fulfilled using the methods in practice today. Some local authorities had already begun or completed strategic reviews of their social care systems with the aim of finding a better way. Many had found that personalisation created challenges – pa

Posted in Social Care
October 27, 2016

vitamindsunA study, published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, has shown high levels of vitamin D inadequacy in UK adolescents, and – for the first time – identified the intake needed by adolescents in order to maintain adequate serum vitamin D levels during the winter time. The research was undertaken by academics from the University of Surrey’s Department of Nutritional Sciences in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Copenhagen and University College Cork. Adolescents are particularly vulnerable to vitamin D deficiency, and previous studies have shown that vitamin D levels decrease during puberty. With adolescents less likely to spend time outdoors than younger children, they experience less exposure to the sun, which is how we naturally obtain vitamin D. Low vitamin D levels are also a problem at northern latitudes during the winter months when the sun is not sufficient for us to make vitamin D wi

October 19, 2016

adult-social-careThis year’s State of Care report – published October 13, 2016 – shows that most health and adult social care services in England are providing people with safe, high quality and compassionate care, but it also raises concerns about the sustainability of this position in the future.   The report provides the most comprehensive view yet of our inspection findings to date and is based on inspections and ratings of more than 21,000 services.   This the first time we have been able to report on what happens after our inspections when we return to re-inspect. Despite increasingly challenging circumstances, many services have managed to either improve or maintain quality. However, there is also evidence of deterioration in quality, and some providers that are struggling to improve, despite being given clear information on where impr

Posted in Social Care
October 14, 2016

prostate-cancer-ukProstate cancer is a disease which only affects men. Cancer begins to grow in the prostate – a gland in the male reproductive system. The word “prostate” comes from Medieval Latin prostate and Medieval French prostate. The ancient Greek word prostates means “one standing in front”, from proistanai meaning “set before”. The prostate is so called because of its position – it is at the base of the bladder.  

Fast facts on prostate cancer

Here are some key points about prostate cancer. Across the UK

  • Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men.
  • Over 47,000 men are diagnosed with prostate cancer every year – that’s 130 men every day.
  • Every hour one man dies from prostate cancer – that’s more than 10,800 men every year.
  • 1 in 8 men will get prostate cancer in their

October 11, 2016

hepatitisWhen the liver becomes inflamed due to infection, disease, drugs, poisons, or excessive alcohol, it is referred to as hepatitis. Infectious hepatitis commonly includes hepatitis A, B, or C. All of these forms are caused by viral infections.         The liver is a two-lobed organ found in the upper-right part of the torso. It is responsible for many functions and substances within the body, including:

  • Bile
  • Cholesterol
  • Immune factor
  • Producing blood plasma protein
  • Storing and releasing glucose
  • Storing iron
  • Converting ammonia to urea
  • Controlling blood clotting
  • Processing drugs and poisonous substances
  • Removing bacteria from the blood
  • Clearing bilirubin from the body

Hepatitis C (HCV) affects thousands of people each year. Some of those with HCV experience only an acute illness, in which the illness is experie

October 10, 2016

social-careRadical plans to encourage people to save to meet their own social care costs in old age have been discussed in government, with a leaked memo warning of the potential significant “economic and social distress” of a looming crisis. Senior sources said the health secretary, Jeremy Hunt, is among those who favour motivating people to put money aside for social care, as they do for pensions. A former minister with knowledge of discussions in government said the idea would be that people “should be encouraged to think again about spending money on a new car or a cruise”. With the government having shelved a proposal from Sir Andrew Dilnot for government to limit people’s financial liability, ministers are becoming more aware of the need to offer an alternative. Ideas include

Posted in Social Care
October 3, 2016

dementiaThe proportion of people dying with a recorded dementia diagnosis has more than doubled since 2001. Public Health England (PHE) has launched a range of products which examine the deaths of people recorded with dementia between 2012 and 2014. Figures show the number of deaths with a mention of dementia was:

  • 6.6% of all deaths in 2001
  • 15.8% of deaths in 2014

This is most likely due to an increase in awareness and recording of dementia. The new reports were produced by the Dementia Intelligence Network (DIN) in collaboration with the National End of Life Care Intelligence Network (NEoLCIN) and draw on national data to see if there have been changes in dementia deaths over time, who the people dying with dementia are, where they die and the cause of their death. The findings suggest that people who live in more deprived areas die with dementia at a younger age than those who live in more affluent areas. There a

September 27, 2016

pregnant-woman-s-belly In the largest and most in-depth study of its type, morning sickness is found to have a protective effect on the unborn child. Despite its unpleasant nature, morning sickness appears to be a component of a healthy pregnancy. Morning sickness is incredibly common in early pregnancy. It is referred to as “morning” sickness because it tends to come on during the morning hours and steadily improve over the course of the day. In reality, it can strike at any point in the day and is a unanimously unpleasant feeling. Around 50 percent of pregnant women simply feel nauseous, but roughly half will also experience vomiting. A rare few, perhaps 1 in 100, are so sick that they require hospital treatment. Generally, the sickness eases after the fourth month of pregnancy, but – for some mothers – it can continue throughout the entire pregnancy. The reasons behind morning sickness have been de

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