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Alcoholic Hepatitis: Symptoms, Treatment, and Outlook

November 8, 2016

Alcoholic hepatitis is a disease caused by drinking alcohol. The disease causes fat to build up in the liver cells, as well as inflammation and even scarring of the liver. alcoholic-hepititisThe condition occurs most often in heavy drinkers. Those who have drunk heavily for several years and have poisonous levels of alcohol in their bodies are most at risk.

Alcohol and the liver

Ethyl alcohol or ethanol is an ingredient found in beer, wine, and liquor that can cause intoxication. Alcohol affects every organ in the body as well as the central nervous system. The effect of alcohol on a person depends directly on the amount they consume. Drinking excessive amounts of alcohol can lead to a variety of health problems. It can result in serious health problems including:

  • Cirrhosis
  • Inflammation of the pancreas
  • Cancer
  • High blood pressure
  • Psychological disorders
  • Alcohol abuse or dependence

In pregnant women, alcohol can harm the fetus or increase the chances of sudden infant death syndrome. Being reckless with alcohol can also lead to unintentional motor accidents and violence.

Alcoholic hepatitis and the liver

The liver is the second la

November 3, 2016

urine_sampleNormal urine should be a pale yellow color. It should be clear, without cloudiness or particle deposits. “Why is my urine bright yellow?” is a question that can be answered if the meaning of bright yellow is clear. This page will explain the full range of possible colours of urine and why they change. If bright yellow means neon yellow, this has a specific cause.

Why does urine turn bright yellow?

To answer the question of bright yellow urine color, it may help to cover what it means when urine is really fluorescent bright. Neon yellow urine colour signals too much intake of vitamin B, although this is harmless.

What is the normal colour for urine?

Urine colour is normally pale yellow, but the depth of yellowness can vary healthily. The yellow colour gets darker as the concentration of the urine gets higher. Concentration means the proportion of waste products to water in the urine. The proportion of waste products to water increases and the urine darkens, as less fluid is taken in. This also happens if more fluid is lost by other means such as sweating.

What gives urine its healthy yellow colour?

The yellow colour in normal urine comes from a substance known as urochrome. Urochrome is also know

October 14, 2016

prostate-cancer-ukProstate cancer is a disease which only affects men. Cancer begins to grow in the prostate – a gland in the male reproductive system. The word “prostate” comes from Medieval Latin prostate and Medieval French prostate. The ancient Greek word prostates means “one standing in front”, from proistanai meaning “set before”. The prostate is so called because of its position – it is at the base of the bladder.  

Fast facts on prostate cancer

Here are some key points about prostate cancer. Across the UK

  • Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men.
  • Over 47,000 men are diagnosed with prostate cancer every year – that’s 130 men every day.
  • Every hour one man dies from prostate cancer – that’s more than 10,800 men every year.
  • 1 in 8 men will get prostate cancer in their lifetime.
  • Over 330,000 men are living with and after prostate cancer.

In Scotland

  • More than 3,000 men are diagnosed with prostate cancer every year in Scotland.
  • More than 850 men die from prostate cancer every year in Scotland.
  • Every da

October 11, 2016

hepatitisWhen the liver becomes inflamed due to infection, disease, drugs, poisons, or excessive alcohol, it is referred to as hepatitis. Infectious hepatitis commonly includes hepatitis A, B, or C. All of these forms are caused by viral infections.         The liver is a two-lobed organ found in the upper-right part of the torso. It is responsible for many functions and substances within the body, including:

  • Bile
  • Cholesterol
  • Immune factor
  • Producing blood plasma protein
  • Storing and releasing glucose
  • Storing iron
  • Converting ammonia to urea
  • Controlling blood clotting
  • Processing drugs and poisonous substances
  • Removing bacteria from the blood
  • Clearing bilirubin from the body

Hepatitis C (HCV) affects thousands of people each year. Some of those with HCV experience only an acute illness, in which the illness is experienced within 6 months of exposure. However, 75-85 percent of those infected will progress to a chronic, potentially lifelong infection.  

What is hepatitis C?

HCV is a tough virus in that it can live for up to 3 weeks on surfaces kept at room temperature. HCV is contagi

September 24, 2016

close-up-of-mouthMost of us are aware that poor dental hygiene can lead to tooth decay, gum disease and bad breath – but not brushing your teeth could also have consequences for more serious illnesses. In this spotlight feature we peer beneath the plaque to investigate what other – perhaps unexpected – health conditions are affected by poor dental health.

Alzheimer’s disease

In 2010, researchers from New York University (NYU) concluded that there is a link between gum inflammation and Alzheimer’s disease, after reviewing 20 years of data on the association.

The American Dental Hygienists’ Association recommend that we should brush for 2 minutes, twice daily.

However, the number of participants in the NYU study was fairly small. The researchers analyzed data from 152 subjects enrolled in the Glostrop Aging Study – a study looking at psychological, medical and oral health in Danish men and women. The study spanned a 20-year period and ended in 1984, when the subjects were all over the age of 70. Comparing cognit

September 16, 2016

wheat-fieldGluten intolerance is one of the wheat-related disorders. These are symptoms that some people have after they eat foods that contain gluten. Wheat has high gluten content. Barley and rye also contain it. Researchers often give gluten intolerance the name non-celiac gluten sensitivity. The reaction to eating gluten is not the same as that for people who have celiac disease, even though the symptoms are similar. Celiac disease happens to people who are genetically at risk, whereas gluten intolerance is not so well understood. In celiac disease, the body’s immune system attacks its own tissues, triggered by gluten in the diet. It only happens in people who have a genetic vulnerability. Scientists have even identified certain genes that may be behind celiac disease. The third wheat-related disorder is wheat allergy. This disorder can produce very serious signs and symptoms.

Symptoms of gluten intolerance

People with gluten intolerance should avoid eating wheat-based foods such as bread. The most common symptoms of gluten intolerance are, when the diet contains wheat:

  • Bloating
  • Belly pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Feeling unwell, including tiredness

September 14, 2016

an-adult-with-yellow-eyesEyes can say a lot about a person. These organs not only offer insight into a personality but can offer clues to the body’s overall health. When the whites of the eyes turn yellow, it generally indicates that something is going on in the body that causes jaundice. Jaundice describes a yellowish tint to the skin and the whites of the eyes. Excessively high levels of bilirubin in the blood cause jaundice. Bilirubin is a yellow waste substance found in bile, the liquid the liver makes to help break down fats. When there is too much bilirubin in the bloodstream, it may leach into surrounding tissues like skin and eye tissues, causing them to yellow. Jaundice has different causes in adults, children, and newborns.      

Anatomy of the eye

Jaundice mainly affects the front of the eye as this is where the yellow pigment would be visible. It’s important to understand the anatomy of the front of the eye to understand how jaundice affects the eye. The front part of the eye is made of several different parts:

  • Eyelid and lashes: Upper and lower lids and lashes offer eyes protection from dirt and dust. They are also used to blink so the eye

September 5, 2016

HypothalamusThe hypothalamus is a small area in the center of the brain that has many jobs. It plays an important role in hormone production and helps to stimulate many important processes in the body. When the hypothalamus is not working properly, it can cause problems in the body leading to many disorders. Though diseases of the hypothalamus are uncommon, it is important to keep it healthy to keep the risk low.

What is the hypothalamus?

The word hypothalamus comes from two Greek words that translate to “under thalamus.” This is exactly where the hypothalamus is located in the brain, underneath the thalamus and above the pituitary gland. Though it is a small area of the brain, it plays a big role in the body by influencing both the endocrine and nervous system.

Functions of the hypothalamus

The body’s normal, balanced state of being is known as homeostasis. The body is always trying to achieve this balance. The main job of the hypothalamus to keep the body in this state as much as possible. The hypothalamus plays a huge role in both the endocrine and nervous systems. To do this, the hypothalamus acts as the connector between the endocrine and nervous systems. It plays a part in

August 23, 2016

thyroid_diagramThe thyroid is a small gland located at the front of the neck that is responsible for making thyroid hormones. These hormones enter the blood and are carried to tissues located throughout the body. Thyroid hormones help the body use energy and control a number of activities. They control breathing, how fast the body burns calories, and even how fast the heart beats. These hormones are also involved in processes such as helping the body stay warm and keeping the brain, heart muscles, and other organs working properly. Thyroid hormone levels are controlled by a small gland in the brain called the pituitary. This gland makes the thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), which stimulates the thyroid to produce thyroid hormones.   TSH levels in the bloodstream rise or fall depending on whether enough hormones are made to meet the body’s needs. As thyroid hormone levels go up or down, the pituitary gland drops or raises TSH production in response. When the gland releases too many or too few hormones, thyroid disorders can occur. According to the British Thryoid Foundation Thyroid disorders affect one in twenty people in the UK. Both overactive and underact

August 18, 2016
mono-symptomsMono comes from the medical name, infectious mononucleosis. This condition, now known to be caused by viruses, was first given the name in a report published in 1920, in the Johns Hopkins Hospital Bulletin.   Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is behind the majority of mono cases. Another virus called cytomegalovirus (CMV) can also sometimes cause mono, as can other infections.   The overall course for EBV mono is as follows. After picking up the virus, the patient will show signs and symptoms of mono 1 or 2 months later. The condition peaks within 2 to 3 weeks, but tiredness can continue for months.                 Mono also goes by the following names:

  • Kissing disease – the virus can be passed on when young adults start kissing
  • Glandular fever – some people use this name because it relates to the effect on the lymph “glands”
  • Post-viral fatigue


Symptoms of mono

Mono is a viral infection followed by mid-term tiredness. Across people who get mono, four of the main symptoms are:  

Common symptoms of

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