Gluten intolerance is one of the wheat-related disorders. These are symptoms that some people have after they eat foods that contain gluten. Wheat has high gluten content. Barley and rye also contain it. Researchers often give gluten intolerance the name non-celiac gluten sensitivity. The reaction to eating gluten is not the same as that for people who have celiac disease, even though the symptoms are similar. Celiac disease happens to people who are genetically at risk, whereas gluten intolerance is not so well understood. In celiac disease, the body’s immune system attacks its own tissues, triggered by gluten in the diet. It only happens in people who have a genetic vulnerability. Scientists have even identified certain genes that may be behind celiac disease. The third wheat-related disorder is wheat allergy. This disorder can produce very serious signs and symptoms.
Symptoms of gluten intolerance
People with gluten intolerance should avoid eating wheat-based foods such as bread. The most common symptoms of gluten intolerance are, when the diet contains wheat:
- Belly pain
- Feeling unwell, including tiredness